4. Stephania glandulifera Miers MENISPERMACEAE
An extensive climber, which grows from a large tuberous root; it is ‘dioecious’ (having male and female flowers borne on separate plants). This species is from the East Himalaya and Assam, where it occurs in warm forests, at altitudes of 1000 to 2000 metres. Like many members of the family Menispermaceae, it is a medicinal plant, rich in alkaloids, and has been used for treating tuberculosis and asthma, as well as for intestinal complaints.