10. Coelogyne corymbosa Lindley ORCHIDACEAE

A common orchid of the broad-leaved forest zone of the Sino-Himalayan region, from Nepal eastwards to China, including the Indian states of Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Meghalaya. This forest zone is dominated by evergreen oaks, and the orchid can grow both on tree trunks (that is, as an ‘epiphyte’) or on rocks (as a ‘lithophyte’). It was first described by the great nineteenth-century orchid expert John Lindley from specimens collected by Joseph Hooker. Hooker found the plant in Sikkim and the Khasia Mountains during his great expedition to the Himalaya in 1849 and 1850. The white flowers have four characteristic yellow ‘eyes’ on the lip, and are fragrant.

Hand coloured lithograph by W.H. Fitch, after a drawing by Matilda Smith, from Curtis’s Botanical Magazine

     

     

    RBGE Living Collections Accession Factsheet
    Accession Number:19822051
    Scientific Name:Coelogyne corymbosa Lindl.
    Family:Orchidaceae
    Genus:Coelogyne
    Epithet:corymbosa
    Collector:Grierson, Andrew J.C. & Long, David G.
    Year:1982
    Origin:Bhutan, Sikkim & Darjeeling:Sarbhang Dist.:Between Tori Bari and Loring falls, 21 km along Chirang road
    Elevation:1,220m
    Plant:19822051A
    Location:/Living Collections/Inverleith/GP3
    Plant:19822051C
    Location:/Living Collections/Unplaced
    Plant:19822051B
    Location:/Living Collections/Unplaced
     Location: 26.950000,90.233333